Knowledge and language

Knowledge and language

Within this section, you’ll find free and premium content to help you take ownership of knowledge & language, and help you to draw on it to create a great TOK exhibition.

Follow the links below to access quotes, knowledge questions, real-world issues, and key ideas and thinkers related to this optional theme.

Explore knowledge & language

Explore knowledge & language by clicking on the images below to take you to a huge amount of content to help you understand this optional theme. We’ve divided each page by both Big Question and by the different aspects of the knowledge framework, so whether you are following a conceptual approach to TOK, or a more traditional structure, you can use it to study and teach the course.

Quotes on language

These quotes will kick-start your exploration of language, and help you reflect on your own understanding of this optional theme. Which quotes do you find the most and least insightful? How do the quotes interlink this theme with other aspects of TOK? Decide for yourself here.

Language knowledge questions

Knowledge questions help to drive the TOK course, providing us with the opportunity to discuss, explore, and sometimes argue about the way we acquire, use, and evaluate our understanding of the world. Check out the knowledge questions for language here.

Real-world issues about language

These real-world issues will help you to explore knowledge questions, analyse the latest events and issues related to this optional theme, and apply TOK terms, ideas, and concepts to authentic situations. Discover the real-world issues for language here.

Key thinkers on language

The ideas of these brilliant thinkers have shaped the way we understand the world, will help you take ownership of TOK, and which you can draw in your exhibition commentary. Meet our key thinkers for knowledge & language here.

Receive regular updates about language

Our free TOK newsletter provides you with monthly news stories related to TOK, enabling you to explore language and the other optional themes within an authentic context, and understand how TOK concepts manifest in the world around us. Subscribe here.

How does the TOK course fit together?

The optional themes are our personal and societal affiliations which shape the way we produce and acquire knowledge.

The areas of knowledge the the ways in which we categorize ideas and concepts in order to understand and take ownership of them.

Both the themes and the AOKs help to define us as knowers, which we focus on within the core theme – knowledge and the knower – as well as looking at the different communities of knowers to which we belong.

Explore language in more detail via the TOK padlets (faculty members only)

Exploring TOK & 12 key concepts padlets

Our TOK padlets present the very latest media stories related to TOK, suggest unpacking activities, and help you understand key concepts in a real-world context. See the sample exploring history padlet here, and the key concepts padlet for history here. Access the rest by joining us!


Members of the site have access to a huge amount of resources for TOK, including a complete course of classroom-ready lessons, the monthly newsletter, our DP Integration Tool, Investigating Issues, Knowledge Heroes, and loads more goodies! Join in seconds via this page.

Notes on language

Follow the links below to access a range of notes, essays, and observations on knowledge and language. Use it to research this optional theme, and augment your arguments and discussions in your TOK exhibition commentary.

Contact us

Ask us any question about the course, how to become a member, or advice on teaching and learning TOK.

Find out about us here, and read testimonials from members here.